Learning How to Fly PDF Book by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam


Click here to Download Learning How to Fly PDF Book by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Language English having PDF Size 1 MB and No of Pages 134.

Young friends, education is the instrument that gives you wings to fly. Only when your subconscious mind says ‘I will win’ and you believe you can reach your goal, does it become a reality. Each one of you assembled here and elsewhere, have wings of fire. The wings of fire lead to knowledge which will make you fly as doctors, or engineers, or scientists, or teachers, or political leaders, or bureaucrats or diplomats.

Learning How to Fly PDF Book by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Name of Book Learning How to Fly
PDF Size  1 MB
No of Pages 134
Language English
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About Book – Learning How to Fly PDF Book

Or you could walk on the moon and Mars or do anything else you may want to. When we see electric bulbs, immediately our thoughts go to the inventor Thomas Alva Edison. He invented the electric bulb and electrical lighting system. When we hear the sound of aeroplanes flying overhead whom do you think of? The Wright brothers proved that man could fly.

Whom does the telephone remind you of? Alexander Graham Bell. When people all over the world considered sea travel only as an experience or a voyage, one person during his sea travel from United Kingdom to India started pondering why the horizon where the sky and sea meet looked blue. His research resulted in the discovery of the phenomena of scattering of light.

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For this, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize. There was an Indian mathematician who did not have formal higher education but had an inexhaustible spirit and love for mathematics. This took him on a path where he ended up contributing to the treasure houses of mathematical research—some of which are still under serious study.

And engaging mathematicians’ efforts all over the world to establish formal proofs. He was a genius who melted the heart of the most hardened and outstanding Cambridge mathematician Professor G.H. Hardy. In fact, it is not an exaggeration to say that it was Professor Hardy who discovered a great mathematician in number theory Srinivasa Ramanujan and brought his genius to the world.

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All these people were thirsty for knowledge and their works and names are now immortal. In a knowledge society, we have to innovate continuously. Innovations come through creativity. Creativity comes from beautiful minds. It can be anywhere and in any part of the world. It may start from a fisherman’s hamlet, or a farmer’s household, or a dairy farm.

Or cattle breeding centre, or it could emanate from classrooms, or labs or industries, or R&D centres. Creativity has multi-dimensions like inventions, discoveries and innovations. A creative mind has the ability to imagine or invent something new by combining, changing or reapplying existing ideas.

A creative person has to have the attitude to accept change and newness, a willingness to play with ideas and possibilities, a flexibility of outlook and the habit of enjoying what is good all the while looking for ways to improve it. Creativity is a process through which we can continuously improve ideas and find unique solutions by making gradual alterations and refinements to our works. Learning How to Fly PDF Book

The important aspect of creativity is seeing the same thing as everybody else, but thinking of something different. Innovation and creativity ultimately results into the culture of excellence. Excellence in thinking and action is the foundation for any mission. What is excellence? Friends, you all belong to the youth community, which should be filled with a culture of excellence.

Excellence does not come by accident. It is a process, where an individual or organization or nation continuously strives to better oneself. The performance standards are set by themselves, they work on their dreams with focus and are prepared to take calculated risks and do not be deterred by failures as they move towards their dreams.

Then they step up their dreams, as they tend to reach the original targets. They strive to work to their potential, in the process, they increase their performance thereby multiplying further their potential, and this is an unending cycle. They are not in competition with anyone else, but themselves. That is the culture of excellence. I am sure each one of you will aspire to master this culture of excellence. Learning How to Fly PDF Book

There was a beautiful golden image of Lord Buddha. The Chief Monk assembled nearly 100 monks of various ages. We sat amidst them. There he gave a short discourse, which I would like to share with you. He said, ‘In the world today, we have a problem of distrust and unhappiness that transforms into violence.

But in this monastery we believe that when you remove “I” and “me” from the mind, you will eliminate ego; if you get rid of the ego, hatred towards fellow human beings will vanish; if the hatred goes out of the mind, the violence in thinking and action will disappear; if violence in our mind is taken away, peace springs in human minds.’ I realized the meaning of this beautiful equation for a peaceful life.

But the difficult part for the individual is how to remove the ethos of ‘I’ and ‘me’. For this, we need education and values to be inculcated from a young age. In my search for evolving a peaceful and prosperous society, I got another answer elsewhere. I visited an ancient Christian monastery in Bulgaria, where I had a discussion with highly experienced monks. Learning How to Fly PDF Book

I told them about the lesson from Tawang. The monks there agreed, and also added that forgiveness is the foundation of a good life. Similarly, I had a memorable experience in the birth place of Swami Vivekananda, a young monk of India who could keep the audience spell bound in eastern and western society with his inspirational messages of spirituality and practical aspects of life.

I explained the Tawang experience to the disciples and they agreed that it was beautiful. They added that developing a habit of always giving will add to peace and happiness. Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) GSLV Mark III achieved its test mission successfully by travelling on an expected path on time.

This proclaimed to the world that India will soon realize its dream of sending its astronauts into space. This was an experimental launch and the full-fledged launch is likely to take place in two years’ time. The main purpose of this mission was to test the atmospheric characteristics and stability of the rocket. Learning How to Fly PDF Book

The 630-tonne rocket has gone up to 126 km and then the 4-tonne crew capsule which has enough space to accommodate three people detached and landed into the Bay of Bengal, 600 km from Port Blair and 1,600 km from the space station twenty minutes of blast off. Three parachutes controlled the crew module as per expected lines.

The system worked to the scheduled times perfectly. After launch, the heat shield separated, the Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE) module separated from the launch vehicle, then the module worked in active control, aerodynamic deceleration phase started on expected lines, deceleration system initiation started at the right time and the apex cover separated exactly on time.

The pilot chute ejection was initiated and drogue chute deployment started, the penultimate action of main parachute deployment was activated, and finally CARE module impacted on the Andaman sea within twenty minutes of the entire life-cycle. GSLV Mark III has made ISRO self-reliant to launch big satellite for important societal applications such as solar power satellite and manned missions later. Learning How to Fly PDF Book

Some of you may one day become astronauts for ISRO’s moon mission or Mars mission. My friends in ISRO say, the reason for the success of this mission is the creative and scientific minds of the youth who participated in this programme. I thought of sharing this information as I am certain it will inspire the youth to take up the pursuit of science.

In this context, I will talk to you about four important aspects in life with my experiences—having an aim, acquiring knowledge, working hard towards your dream even in the times of difficulty and then finally, how to manage failures and success in life. Behind every successful venture and every inspiring career you will find an unflinching aim which was often set early in life.

Having an aim in life gives purpose to every action and orientation to every result. Before you enter into your professional life, it is important to forge your unique aim in life which will steer your efforts towards a well-defined goal for the rest of your life. It will always remind you of your goals and give you strength. Learning How to Fly PDF Book Download

Having an aim in life is incomplete until you are able to acquire the right knowledge needed to accomplish that aim. It is your duty to make the best use of the resources, people and networks made available to you by your parents and in your schools and colleges to acquire the optimal knowledge needed to propel you towards your goal.

Knowledge will give you greatness, and will help you accomplish difficult missions. I would like to share with all of you the story of my teacher Professor Satish Dhawan. I was working in Delhi at the Ministry of Defence. Later I joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in 1958 at the Aeronautical Development Establishment, Bangalore.

There, on the advice of the director, I took up the development of a hovercraft. Hovercraft design needed the development of a ducted contra-rotating propeller for creating a smooth flow balancing the torques. I did not know how to design a contra-rotating propeller though I knew how to design a conventional propeller. Learning How to Fly PDF Book Download

Some of my friends told me that I can approach Professor Satish Dhawan of the Indian Institute of Science, who was well known for his aeronautical research, for help in designing the ducted contra-rotating propeller. These five areas are closely inter-related and if developed in a coordinated way, will lead to food, economic and national security.

In every domain, in every sector of the economy, whether it is science, engineering, technology, management, what is essential is the presence of creative leadership. Let me connect how national economic development and creative leadership are related. The prosperity of the nation is empowered by economic development and great human character.

While we move towards a developed India, I believe that our inherent knowledge of healthy mind and body and the healing capacity is the most powerful resource we have for enhancing productivity, preventing disease, accelerating recovery from illness and injury, and maintaining well-being when disease cannot be cured. Learning How to Fly PDF Book Download

To heal, our bodies must be nourished and sheltered by the Earth, our minds and emotions must be awake and calm, and our social selves must reach out from need to service. Even when cures are not available, a form of healing can happen. And there is always a place for well-being. A culture that values wellness and healing will create a flourishing society—productive, creative, healthy and peaceful.

Let us align our values with science and action to create policies and laws that promote flourishing; to link productivity and profit to health; to learn, play and entertain in celebration of collective well-being; and, to create a biomedical and healthcare system that heals as well as cures.

Recently, I had a chance to meet Srikanth and his teacher who brought him up at an interaction with physically challenged students organised by the Tamil Nadu government and Lead India 2020 at Coimbatore. He is doing fourth year in undergraduate studies in B.S. Computer Science and Management. Learning How to Fly PDF Book Free

Within this four years, he has started one company which produces consumer packaging items using bio-degradable materials. He has also been part of other social initiatives that he began while providing skill development training to the youth. At the meet, he gave an extempore speech on how to overcome disability and to have a strong mind and will power to overcome challenges.

The message is, my young friends, it doesn’t matter who you are, if you have a vision and determination to achieve that vision, you will certainly do so. Here is another example of beautiful minds that are creative and with indomitable spirit. Friends, science gives you better eyes because science can remove the mental limitations and challenge your to solve many problems that have puzzled the world for years.

Most of our friends, who are not in the field of science will slice time perhaps maximum up to one hundredth of a second. Scientists will slice time into femtoseconds (tenfifteen seconds) which may decide a fast photochemical reaction. Few years back I saw a femtosecond laser at Maxivision Hospital, Hyderabad where precision eye surgery was being performed to remove the need for wearing spectacles. Learning How to Fly PDF Book Free

Science provides answers to challenging problems. Look at the southern sky with bright clouds lit by light. That is our galaxy; we belong to the Milky Way. Millions and millions of stars are there. We belong to a small star; what is that star? Our sun. The solar system has eight planets. Our planet Earth has six billion people, and millions and millions of species.

Can you imagine what science has revealed to all of us? Our galaxy and our sun and its characteristics have been identified. Our exact location with respect to the sun and in the galaxy has been discovered.

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